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وبلاگ شهرستان بیجار گروس - معرفی و تاریخچه شهرستان بیجار

وبلاگ شهرستان بیجار گروس

دوشنبه 6 آذر 1391

معرفی و تاریخچه شهرستان بیجار

نویسنده: بیجار گروس   طبقه بندی: شهر من گروس، 

  

شهرستان بیجار شهری است بسیار قدیمی و تاریخی. برخی از مورخان قدمت آن را به هزاره سوم پیش از میلاد مسیح نسبت میدهند. شهر بیجار در غرب ایران واقع شده و یکی از شهرهای استان کردستان می باشد دارای 7730 کیلومتر مربع مساحت بوده و دارای 288 روستاست که حدود 262 روستای آن قابل سکونت می باشد . از شمال شرقی به استان زنجان ، از شمال غربی به شهرستان تکاب ( درآذربایجان غربی) ، از جنوب به شهرستان قروه ، از جنوب شرقی به قسمت کوچکی از استان همدان و از غرب به سنندج و دیواندره محدود است..



شهر بیجار به "بام ایران" شهرت دارد چرا که 1940 متر از سطح دریا ارتفاع دارد و 770 متر از تهران و 425 متر از سنندج بلندتر است. این شهر بعد از شهر کرد بلندترین شهر ایران بوده ودر طول 47 درجه و 36 دقیقه شرقی گرینویچ و عرض شمالی 35 درج و52 دقیقه استوا قرار دارد . در زمان قدیم معروف به ( بید زار ) بوده و بر خی وجه تسمیه آن را به این دلیل می پندارند . جمعیت این شهرستان طبق سرشماری سال ۱۳۸۵، برابر با ۹۷۹۱۳ نفر بودهاست.

شاه اسماعیل صفوی هنگام لشکر کشی به غرب ایران از این منطقه عبور کرده است.  بیجار در دوران مغول‏ها هدف حمله قرار گرفت و چنگیز در ۱۰ کیلومتری بیجار در جادهای که اکنون به دیواندره ختم می‏شود، اقامت گزید و در بالای کوهی به همین نام در 5 کیلومتری شهر قلعه‏ای ساخت که اکنون نیز به چنگیز قلعه معروف است.   

اکثریت مردم شهرستان بیجار به زبان کردی گروسی سخن میگویند در این ناحیه دو گویش کردی از شاخههای کرمانشاهی و گورانی نیز تشخیص داده شدهاست.

مردم این شهرستان مسلمان و اکثریت آن پیرو مذهب شیعه اثنی عشری هستند. مراسم تاسوعا و عاشورای بیجار در ایران کم نظیر است و مردم در برگزاری آ ن مشارکت فعال دارند و هر ساله خبر نگاران داخلی و خارجی زیادی جهت تهیه گزارش در آ ن شرکت می‌کنند. مردم منطقه مراسم عید باستانی و ملی نوروز را هم با شکوه برگزار می‌نمایند.

 قالی بیجار یکی از اصیل‌ترین فرش‌های ایرانی است و زیبایی و دوام آن شهرت جهانی دارد. گلیم بیجار نیز از نظر مرغوبیت شهرت دارد. از دیگر سوغاتی‌های این شهر می‌توان به حلوا سوهانی، نان شیرمال مخصوص بیجار و انواع ترشی‌های خوشمزه اشاره نمود.

آثار باستانی قمچقای در ساحل شمالی رودخانه قمچقای كه در عهد مادها و پارتها و ساسانیان به ترتیب به عنوان پایگاه از آن استفاده می شده، در حال حاضر با ابّهتی خاصّ در حالی كه تاریخ با شكوه و انبوهی از شگفتیهای اعصار گذشته را در سینه دارد خاموش و آرام به كوهستانهای اطراف نظاره می‌كند،‌ و نیز قلعه بالای شهر بیجار معروف به قلعه بانو كه در مطالعات باستان شناسی آن را متعلّق به هزاره دوم قبل از میلاد تشخیص داده اند ، سند قابل توجّهی بر اثبات قدمت تاریخی این شهر است

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